The Duke of Braganza, later John IV of Portugal, supported by France, he led
an insurrection against the Spanish crown and his monarch Philip IV in 1640.
One year after he was proclaimed king of Portugal, starting a contest that, as
in the past, resulting in serious consequences for the land and people of
The Portuguese attempted without success, to conquer Badajoz. Faced with the
impossibility of taking the square, it broke along the Guadiana razing as
found on the road, among other places, the town of Montijo. The army was
commanded by General Mathias Albuquerque, Count of Alegrete. That finding
opposition decided not to go back to the border, in order to avoid any
surprises from the rear. In this situation receives notice that a corps
commanded Marquis Marquis de Torrescusa, went to the aid of Badajoz, deciding
to wait and deal with it.
The start of the battle, marked a serious blow to the Portuguese, as the
Spanish cavalry attacked quite rightly one of its flanks, causing heavy
casualties and disbanded. The Spanish command was given for this partial
victory and artillery Portuguese broke ranks with extraordinary wisdom
Spanish. Within a few hours, the balance shifted in favor of the Portuguese
side, to the extent that the Spaniards had to leave the battlefield, on the
opposite margin of the river.
The Portuguese troops continued until Talavera la Real, people burned and
looted. While in "this work", were caught two days later by the Spanish Army,
which forced them to continue the battle, in this second phase is decanted
with the total victory of the Spanish troops.